The Cannons Tickets für Konzerte im Rahmen der Tour Karten jetzt im Vorverkauf sichern für Irish Folk pur. weitere Infos. The Cannons „Celtic Folk and more" Seit ist Seán Cannon die Stimme von THE DUBLINERS und damit eine lebende Legende des Irish. The Cannons. K likes. The Cannons are Sean Cannon and his sons James and dpdgov.com play Irish Folk songs and varied material, and have been.
The CannonsThe Cannons Tickets für Konzerte im Rahmen der Tour Karten jetzt im Vorverkauf sichern für Irish Folk pur. weitere Infos. The Cannons „Celtic Folk and more" Seit ist Seán Cannon die Stimme von THE DUBLINERS und damit eine lebende Legende des Irish. VERANSTALTUNG ABGESAGT! Sonntag, März Beginn 20 Uhr. THE CANNONS. Nice to see you. Fans des Celtic und American Folk dürfen sich auch.
The Cannons COVID 19 Regulations VideoCannons – Golden (Harry Styles Cover) Cannons. 13, likes · talking about this. With loads of enthusiasm and a life-long raw passion for music, Cannons, a new indie-electro band, found one another in in Los Angeles, CA. Directed by: Easton Schirradpdgov.com://dpdgov.com://dpdgov.com Since , The Cannons have provided a boutique wedding photography experience for their couples in Cleveland, Ohio and beyond. The Cannons create bright, joyful, and timeless images for kindhearted couples. Get to know The Cannons and their fun loving personalities on the website, blog, and of course on instagram through their daily posts! The practice of rifling —casting spiralling lines inside the cannon's barrel—was applied to artillery more frequently byas it gave cannon projectiles gyroscopic stability, which improved their accuracy. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Yes 1 and 2 Paralipomenon. Calypso Apartment. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. Jones for Richard Hawkins. Logikspiel 14 August The " Quaker Gun trick" was used by Colonel William Washington 's Continental Army during the American Turmhügelburg Motte War ; inapproximately Loyalists surrendered to them, rather than face bombardment. Laundry Service. Some of the books are The Cannons listed in this table. It is true that no such declaration is to be found in the Canons of Nicaea, and it is uncertain whether St. Cannon featured prominently as siege weapons and ever larger pieces appeared. In a 16, kg (35, lbs) cannon known as the Great Turkish Bombard was created in the Ottoman Empire. Cannon as field artillery became more important after with the introduction of limber, which greatly improved cannon maneuverability and mobility. Welcome to The Canons CE Primary School As a Christian place of learning our vision is for The Canons C.E. Primary School to be a happy place where: • all conduct themselves in a manner that is respectful of others, acting responsibly and considerately, clearly demonstrating an understanding of right and wrong. • a Christian, caring ethos pervades every aspect of school life and helps to create an inclusive environment in which all feel loved and valued. • all develop confidence in. The history of cannon spans several hundred years from the 12th century to modern times. The cannon first appeared in China sometime during the 12th and 13th centuries. It was most likely developed in parallel or as an evolution of an earlier gunpowder weapon called the fire lance. Cannons | Official Site. Skip Navigation or Skip to Content. Cannons. Stream / Watch / Shows Contact / Join / Store. On June 15, , the cannon referred to as “Humpty Dumpty” was positioned on the walls. By this time, the Parliamentarians had surrounded and laid siege to the city, so Humpty was used to bombard the enemy and prevent a full-scale assault. However, on July 14 or 15, a Parliamentarian cannonball blew apart the wall underneath Humpty Dumpty.
They make many one-pounder cannon cetbang or rentaka , long muskets, spingarde arquebus , schioppi hand cannon , Greek fire , guns cannon , and other fire-works.
Every place are considered excellent in casting artillery, and in the knowledge of using it. Cannon were used by the Ayutthaya Kingdom in during its invasion of the Khmer Empire.
Saltpeter harvesting was recorded by Dutch and German travelers as being common in even the smallest villages and was collected from the decomposition process of large dung hills specifically piled for the purpose.
The Dutch punishment for possession of non-permitted gunpowder appears to have been amputation. Imported from Arabia , and the wider Islamic world, the Adalites led by Ahmed ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi were the first African power to introduce cannon warfare to the African continent.
The conflict proved, through their use on both sides, the value of firearms such as the matchlock musket , cannon, and the arquebus over traditional weapons.
While previous smaller guns could burn down structures with fire, larger cannon were so effective that engineers were forced to develop stronger castle walls to prevent their keeps from falling.
By the 16th century, cannon were made in a great variety of lengths and bore diameters, but the general rule was that the longer the barrel, the longer the range.
Consequently, large amounts of gunpowder were needed to allow them to fire stone balls several hundred yards. Henry II of France opted for six sizes of cannon,  but others settled for more; the Spanish used twelve sizes, and the English sixteen.
Instead of the finely ground powder used by the first bombards, powder was replaced by a "corned" variety of coarse grains.
This coarse powder had pockets of air between grains, allowing fire to travel through and ignite the entire charge quickly and uniformly.
The end of the Middle Ages saw the construction of larger, more powerful cannon, as well as their spread throughout the world. As they were not effective at breaching the newer fortifications resulting from the development of cannon, siege engines —such as siege towers and trebuchets —became less widely used.
However, wooden "battery-towers" took on a similar role as siege towers in the gunpowder age—such as that used at Siege of Kazan in , which could hold ten large-calibre cannon, in addition to 50 lighter pieces.
These new defences became known as bastion forts , after their characteristic shape which attempted to force any advance towards it directly into the firing line of the guns.
By the end of the 15th century, several technological advancements made cannon more mobile. Wheeled gun carriages and trunnions became common, and the invention of the limber further facilitated transportation.
Even with this many animals pulling, they still moved at a walking pace. Due to their relatively slow speed, and lack of organisation, and undeveloped tactics, the combination of pike and shot still dominated the battlefields of Europe.
Innovations continued, notably the German invention of the mortar , a thick-walled, short-barrelled gun that blasted shot upward at a steep angle.
Mortars were useful for sieges, as they could hit targets behind walls or other defences. Setting the bomb fuse was a problem. This often resulted in the fuse being blown into the bomb, causing it to blow up as it left the mortar.
Because of this, "double firing" was tried where the gunner lit the fuse and then the touch hole. This, however, required considerable skill and timing, and was especially dangerous if the gun misfired, leaving a lighted bomb in the barrel.
Not until was it accidentally discovered that double-lighting was superfluous as the heat of firing would light the fuse. Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden emphasised the use of light cannon and mobility in his army, and created new formations and tactics that revolutionised artillery.
He discontinued using all 12 pounder—or heavier—cannon as field artillery, preferring, instead, to use cannon that could be handled by only a few men.
One obsolete type of gun, the "leatheren" was replaced by 4 pounder and 9 pounder demi-culverins. These could be operated by three men, and pulled by only two horses.
Gustavus Adolphus's army was also the first to use a cartridge that contained both powder and shot which sped up reloading, increasing the rate of fire.
Each regiment was assigned two pieces, though he often arranged them into batteries instead of distributing them piecemeal.
He used these batteries to break his opponent's infantry line, while his cavalry would outflank their heavy guns. At the Battle of Breitenfeld , in , Adolphus proved the effectiveness of the changes made to his army, by defeating Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly.
Although severely outnumbered, the Swedes were able to fire between three and five times as many volleys of artillery, and their infantry's linear formations helped ensure they didn't lose any ground.
Battered by cannon fire, and low on morale, Tilly's men broke ranks and fled. In England cannon were being used to besiege various fortified buildings during the English Civil War.
Nathaniel Nye is recorded as testing a Birmingham cannon in and experimenting with a saker in Around this time also came the idea of aiming the cannon to hit a target.
Gunners controlled the range of their cannon by measuring the angle of elevation, using a "gunner's quadrant. It was only in the years prior to World War I that new works began to break radically away from his designs.
By the end of the 18th century, principles long adopted in Europe specified the characteristics of the Royal Navy 's cannon, as well as the acceptable defects, and their severity.
The United States Navy tested guns by measuring them, firing them two or three times—termed "proof by powder"—and using pressurized water to detect leaks.
The carronade was adopted by the Royal Navy in ; the lower muzzle velocity of the round shot when fired from this cannon was intended to create more wooden splinters when hitting the structure of an enemy vessel, as they were believed to be more deadly than the ball by itself.
The guns were, therefore, easier to handle, and also required less than half as much gunpowder, allowing fewer men to crew them.
As a result, the classification of Royal Navy vessels in this period can be misleading, as they often carried more cannon than were listed.
Cannon were crucial in Napoleon 's rise to power, and continued to play an important role in his army in later years. When over 25, royalists led by General Danican assaulted Paris, Paul Barras was appointed to defend the capital; outnumbered five to one and disorganised, the Republicans were desperate.
He ordered Joachim Murat to bring the guns from the Sablons artillery park; the Major and his cavalry fought their way to the recently captured cannon, and brought them back to Napoleon.
As the battlefield was muddy, recoil caused cannon to bury themselves into the ground after firing, resulting in slow rates of fire, as more effort was required to move them back into an adequate firing position;  also, roundshot did not ricochet with as much force from the wet earth.
Eventually, the French ceased their assault, after taking heavy losses from the British cannon and musket fire. In the s and s, greater emphasis was placed on the accuracy of long-range gunfire, and less on the weight of a broadside.
The carronade, although initially very successful and widely adopted, disappeared from the Royal Navy in the s after the development of wrought-iron-jacketed steel cannon by William Armstrong and Joseph Whitworth.
Nevertheless, carronades were used in the American Civil War. Western cannon during the 19th century became larger, more destructive, more accurate, and could fire at longer range.
Another is the smoothbore pounder Napoleon , which originated in France in and was widely used by both sides in the American Civil War.
The practice of rifling —casting spiralling lines inside the cannon's barrel—was applied to artillery more frequently by , as it gave cannon projectiles gyroscopic stability, which improved their accuracy.
One of the earliest rifled cannon was the breech-loading Armstrong Gun —also invented by William Armstrong—which boasted significantly improved range, accuracy, and power than earlier weapons.
The projectile fired from the Armstrong gun could reportedly pierce through a ship's side and explode inside the enemy vessel, causing increased damage and casualties.
The superior cannon of the Western world brought them tremendous advantages in warfare. For example, in the First Opium War in China, during the 19th century, British battleships bombarded the coastal areas and fortifications from afar, safe from the reach of the Chinese cannon.
Similarly, the shortest war in recorded history, the Anglo-Zanzibar War of , was brought to a swift conclusion by shelling from British cruisers.
Cannon in the 20th and 21st centuries are usually divided into sub-categories and given separate names.
Some of the most widely used types of modern cannon are howitzers, mortars, guns, and autocannon, although a few very large-calibre cannon , custom-designed, have also been constructed.
Nuclear artillery was experimented with, but was abandoned as impractical. According to NATO , the general role of artillery is to provide fire support, which is defined as "the application of fire, coordinated with the manoeuvre of forces to destroy, neutralize, or suppress the enemy.
When referring to cannon, the term gun is often used incorrectly. In military usage, a gun is a cannon with a high muzzle velocity and a flat trajectory , useful for hitting the sides of targets such as walls,  as opposed to howitzers or mortars, which have lower muzzle velocities, and fire indirectly, lobbing shells up and over obstacles to hit the target from above.
By the early 20th century, infantry weapons had become more powerful, forcing most artillery away from the front lines. Furthermore, their shells carried more explosives than those of guns, and caused considerably less barrel wear.
The German army had the advantage here as they began the war with many more howitzers than the French. The Second World War sparked new developments in cannon technology.
Among them were sabot rounds , hollow-charge projectiles, and proximity fuses , all of which increased the effectiveness of cannon against specific target.
Although widely used in naval warfare, and in anti-air guns, both the British and Americans feared unexploded proximity fuses would be reverse engineered leading to them limiting its use in continental battles.
During the Battle of the Bulge , however, the fuses became known as the American artillery's "Christmas present" for the German army because of their effectiveness against German personnel in the open, when they frequently dispersed attacks.
By the end of the war, 17 pounders had proven much more effective against German tanks, and 32 pounders had entered development.
Despite being designed to fire at trajectories with a steep angle of descent, howitzers can be fired directly , as was done by the 11th Marine Regiment at the Battle of Chosin Reservoir , during the Korean War.
Two field batteries fired directly upon a battalion of Chinese infantry; the Marines were forced to brace themselves against their howitzers, as they had no time to dig them in.
The Chinese infantry took heavy casualties, and were forced to retreat. The tendency to create larger calibre cannon during the World Wars has reversed since.
The United States Army , for example, sought a lighter, more versatile howitzer, to replace their ageing pieces. As it could be towed, the M was selected to be the successor to the World War II—era cannon used at the time, and entered service in Although land-based artillery such as the M are powerful, long-ranged, and accurate, naval guns have not been neglected, despite being much smaller than in the past, and, in some cases, having been replaced by cruise missiles.
The AGS's barrels will be water cooled, and will fire 10 rounds per minute, per gun. The combined firepower from both turrets will give a Zumwalt -class destroyer the firepower equivalent to 18 conventional M howitzers.
Autocannons have an automatic firing mode, similar to that of a machine gun. They have mechanisms to automatically load their ammunition, and therefore have a higher rate of fire than artillery, often approaching, or, in the case of rotary autocannons , even surpassing the firing rate of a machine gun.
Machine guns in contrast are usually too small to use explosive ammunition. Most nations use rapid-fire cannon on light vehicles, replacing a more powerful, but heavier, tank gun.
Autocannons may be capable of a very high rate of fire, but ammunition is heavy and bulky, limiting the amount carried. The typical rate of fire for a modern autocannon ranges from 90 to 1, rounds per minute.
Systems with multiple barrels, such as a rotary autocannon, can have rates of fire of more than several thousand rounds per minute.
Autocannons are often found in aircraft, where they replaced machine guns and as shipboard anti-aircraft weapons, as they provide greater destructive power than machine guns.
The first documented installation of a cannon on an aircraft was on the Voisin Canon in , displayed at the Paris Exposition that year.
By World War I, all of the major powers were experimenting with aircraft mounted cannon; however their low rate of fire and great size and weight precluded any of them from being anything other than experimental.
The pilot by necessity an ace had to manually reload each round. The first autocannon were developed during World War I as anti-aircraft guns, and one of these—the Coventry Ordnance Works " COW 37 mm gun " was installed in an aircraft but the war ended before it could be given a field trial and never became standard equipment in a production aircraft.
Later trials had it fixed at a steep angle upwards in both the Vickers Type and the Westland C. Gun Fighter , an idea that would return later.
During this period autocannons became available and several fighters of the German Luftwaffe and the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service were fitted with 20mm cannon.
They continued to be installed as an adjunct to machine guns rather than as a replacement, as the rate of fire was still too low and the complete installation too heavy.
There was a some debate in the RAF as to whether the greater number of possible rounds being fired from a machine gun, or a smaller number of explosive rounds from a cannon was preferable.
Improvements during the war in regards to rate of fire allowed the cannon to displace the machine gun almost entirely.
The Hispano-Suiza HS. Cannon, as with machine guns, were generally fixed to fire forwards mounted in the wings, in the nose or fuselage, or in a pannier under either ; or were mounted in gun turrets on heavier aircraft.
Both the Germans and Japanese mounted cannon to fire upwards and forwards for use against heavy bombers, with the Germans calling guns so-installed Schräge Musik.
Schräge Musik derives from the German colloquialism for Jazz Music the German word schräg means slanted or oblique. Preceding the Vietnam War the high speeds aircraft were attaining led to a move to remove the cannon due to the mistaken belief that they would be useless in a dogfight , but combat experience during the Vietnam War showed conclusively that despite advances in missiles, there was still a need for them.
Nearly all modern fighter aircraft are armed with an autocannon and they are also commonly found on ground-attack aircraft. Cannon in general have the form of a truncated cone with an internal cylindrical bore for holding an explosive charge and a projectile.
Nonetheless, their early authorship and inclusion in ancient Biblical codices, as well as their acceptance to varying degrees by various early authorities, requires them to be treated as foundational literature for Christianity as a whole.
Main article: Revelation Latter Day Saints. Main article: Standard works. Religion portal. Furthermore, some uncertainty remains concerning the exclusion of various smaller deuterocanonical writings from this canon including the Prayer of Manasseh, the traditional additions to Esther, the traditional additions to Daniel, Psalm , and portions of Säqoqawä Eremyas.
Moreover, in Antiquities , Josephus made two extra-Biblical references to Jesus, which have played a crucial role in establishing him as a historical figure.
Some books, though considered canonical, are nonetheless difficult to locate and are not even widely available in Ethiopia.
While the narrower canon has indeed been published as one compilation, there may be no real emic distinction between the broader canon and the narrower canon, especially in so far as divine inspiration and scriptural authority are concerned.
The idea of two such classifications may be nothing more than etic taxonomic conjecture. A translation of the entire remaining Acts of Paul can be accessed online at Early Christian Writings.
In McDonald, L. The Canon Debate. Hendrickson Publishers. It is further defined as follows: " While it is tempting to think that such usage has its origins in antiquity in reference to a closed collection of scriptures, such is not the case.
Letter Vatican City. Retrieved 18 January Canon In Niehoff, M. Leiden: Brill. Journal of Theological Studies. April Journal of Bible and Religion.
Oxford University Press. Anchor Bible Dictionary , Vol. New York: Doubleday. How To Read The Bible. Jewish Publication Society. With many other scholars, I conclude that the fixing of a canonical list was almost certainly the achievement of the Hasmonean dynasty.
Jewish Encyclopedia. Citing private communication with Emanuel Tov on biblical manuscripts : Qumran scribe type c. With the destruction of the Temple and the state the Sadducees as a party no longer had an object for which to live.
Translated by Bowman. October Bible Review. In The Catholic Encyclopedia , ed. Taylor Marshall. Retrieved 1 December Attributed to Albert Sundberg's Harvard dissertation.
Justin Martyr. First Apology. The Canon of the New Testament. The question whether the Church's canon preceded or followed Marcion's canon continues to be debated.
Origin of the New Testament. Adversus Haereses. Turning Points. Baker Academic. In de Jonge, H. The Biblical Canons.
Leuven University Press. The Cambridge History of the Bible, Vol. Cambridge University Press. The Catholic Encyclopedia, Vol.
New York: Robert Appleton Company. According to Eusebius' Church History 6. A Brief History of Christianity.
Blackwell Publishing. Harvard Theological Review. Catholic Encyclopedia. It is true that no such declaration is to be found in the Canons of Nicaea, and it is uncertain whether St.
Byzantine Rome and the Greek Popes. Lexington Books. Harklean Version. The Harklean version is connected with the labors of Thomas of Harqel. When thousands were fleeing Khosrou's invading armies, The project was founded by Philip E.
Pusey who started the collation work in However, he could not see it to completion since he died in Note Revelation was added later in at the subsequent synod of Carthage.
The Canon of Scripture. Intervarsity Press. De Civitate Dei. Sanders Hendrickson, p. Augustine, De Civitate Dei Bible Research.
Retrieved 21 May Robert Appleton Company. Arbeiten zur Kirchengeschichte. Retrieved 11 April Prudentius [ c. This passage also presents a possible hint that old Latin translations were replaced with a new canonical version, perhaps alluding to the Vulgate, written by Jerome at the end of the fourth century.
By implication, this suggests that uncanonical texts were unlikely to be transcribed — an ideologically and authoritatively endorsed selection process that comes close to modern understandings of censorship.
The Howard-Severance co. Beggars All. Archived from the original on 3 August Retrieved 3 January Introduction to Theology, 3rd Edition.
Church Publishing, Inc. Finally on 8 April , by a vote of 24 to 15, with 16 abstensions, the Council issued a decree De Canonicis Scripturis in which, for the first time in the history of the Church, the question of the contents of the Bible was made an absolute article of faith and confirmed by an anathema.
Retrieved 7 January Cross, E. Livingstone, ed. Martin Luther. Volume 3, p. Schaaf, trans. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, — An Introduction to the Medieval Bible.
One of the offertory sentences in Holy Communion comes from an apocryphal book Tob. Lessons from the Apocrypha are regularly appointed to read in the daily, Sunday, and special services of Morning and Evening Prayer.
The Howard-Severance company. Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church. Retrieved 20 January Retrieved 14 August The Orthodox Church: New Edition. Penguin Books.
Orthodox Study Bible Annotated ed. Timothy United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. Retrieved 29 August Retrieved 23 January Catholic Answers.
Islamic Awareness. Retrieved 25 January Cited in Epp, Eldon Jay Ostkirchliche Studien. Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies. Archived from the original on 1 July Bible Dictionary.
James Community of Christ Theology Task Force. Saints Herald. August The Interactive Bible. Refers to the Bible and Book of Mormon as "the only safe standards".
Retrieved 3 March The Bible. Part of a series on the Biblical canon. Books of the Bible. Catholic Orthodox.
Letter of Baruch Psalms — Category Portal WikiProject Book. Contact us at Providing Hospitality the Correct Way. Secure Wi-Fi.
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