Heute vor 30 Jahren schaffte Steffi Graf etwas, was bis in das heutige Jahr einmalig geblieben ist – den Golden Slam. Die damals Jährige. Mit dem Grand Slam und dem Sieg bei Olympia in Seoul schaffte Steffi Graf etwas Einmaliges. Finalgegnerin Gabriela Sabatini war. martina navratilova.
Kein Tag wie jeder andere: Steffi Graf gewinnt den Golden Slammartina navratilova. Mit dem Grand Slam und dem Sieg bei Olympia in Seoul schaffte Steffi Graf etwas Einmaliges. Finalgegnerin Gabriela Sabatini war. Das Jahr hatte Steffi Graf mit 14 mit dem Gewinn des Golden Slam Tennisgeschichte schrieb.
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Serena Williams has played pro tennis for 20 years and is still an incredible competitor. Although Graf retired in , her legacy lives on.
Graf entered the professional tennis arena at the young age of 13 in Her first few years were successful, and in she won her first Grand Slam a win in one of the four major tennis tournaments including the U.
In , she claimed her first title in Hilton Head, before getting to the US Open semi-final a second time. Closely monitored by her father, she had her breakthrough year in , when she lifted her fist Grand Slam trophy, edging Navratilova in the final of Roland-Garros, and finishing runner-up to the same Navratilova in Wimbledon and the US Open.
Steffi Graf started by claiming the title at the Australian Open, against Chris Evert , and in June, she triumphed at Roland-Garros as well, punishing Natasha Zvereva, , , in the shortest major final in tennis history.
After the Wimbledon final, where she beat six-time defending champion Martina Navratilova , , , she had established a heavy domination on the tour, and at the US Open, she wrote a new page of tennis history, beating Gabriela Sabatini in the final , , to achieve the first Grand Slam since Gabriela Sabatini, from Argentina, was born in Successful at a very young age, she became in the youngest player to reach the semi-final at Roland-Garros, where she was defeated by Chris Evert , In the following years, Sabatini, displaying a beautiful one-handed backhand, established herself in the top 10, reaching the semi-final at Wimbledon in lost to Martina Navratilova , and two more times at the French Open in and , each time defeated by Steffi Graf.
When she was nine years old, her family moved to the neighboring town of Brühl. She has a younger brother, Michael. She soon began taking the top prize at junior tournaments with regularity, going on to win the European Championships 12s and 18s in Graf played in her first professional tournament in October at Filderstadt , Germany.
Twelve years later, Graf defeated Austin 6—0, 6—0 during a second round match at the Evert Cup in Indian Wells, California , which was their second and last match against each other.
At the start of her first full professional year in , Graf was 13 years old and ranked world No. She won no titles during the next three years, but her ranking climbed steadily to world No.
In , she first gained international attention when she almost upset the tenth seed, Jo Durie of the United Kingdom, in a fourth round Centre Court match at Wimbledon.
In August as a year-old and youngest entrant representing West Germany, she won the tennis demonstration event at the Olympic Games in Los Angeles.
No medals were awarded as this was not an official Olympic event. Graf's schedule was closely controlled by her father, who limited her play so that she would not burn out.
Peter also kept a tight rein on Graf's personal life. Social invitations on the tour were often declined as Graf's focus was kept on practicing and match play.
This narrow focus meant that Graf, already shy and retiring by nature,  made few friends on the tour in her early years, but it led to a steady improvement in her play.
In and early , Graf emerged as the top challenger to the dominance of Martina Navratilova and Chris Evert. She did not win a tournament but consistently reached tournament finals, semifinals and quarterfinals, with the highlight being her semifinal loss to Navratilova at the US Open.
She never lost to Evert again, beating her six more times over the next three and a half years. Graf then won her next three tournaments at Amelia Island , Charleston, and Berlin , culminating in a 6—2, 6—3 defeat of Navratilova in the final of the latter.
Illness caused her to miss Wimbledon,  and an accident where she broke a toe several weeks later also curtailed her play. She returned to win a small tournament at Mahwah just before the US Open where, in one of the most anticipated matches of the year, she encountered Navratilova in a semifinal.
The match was played over two days with Navratilova finally winning after saving three match points 6—1, 6—7, 7—6. Graf then won three consecutive indoor titles at Tokyo , Zurich , and Brighton , before once again contending with Navratilova at the season-ending Virginia Slims Championships in New York.
This time, Navratilova beat Graf 7—6, 6—3, 6—2. Graf's Grand Slam tournament breakthrough came in She started the year strongly, with six tournament victories heading into the French Open, with the highlight being at the tournament in Miami , where she defeated Martina Navratilova in a semifinal and Chris Evert in the final and lost only 20 games in the seven rounds of the tournament.
Graf then lost to Navratilova 7—5, 6—3 in the Wimbledon final, her first loss of the year. However, in the Federation Cup final in Vancouver, Canada , three weeks later, she defeated Evert easily 6—2, 6—1.
Graf had a win-loss record of for a Graf was the first player other than Navratilova or Evert to hold the top spot since Tracy Austin in Graf started by winning the Australian Open, defeating Chris Evert in the final 6—1, 7—6.
Graf did not lose a set during the tournament and lost a total of only 29 games. Graf, however, won the tournament in San Antonio, Texas, and retained her title in Miami, where she once again defeated Evert in the final.
Graf then won the tournament in Berlin , losing only twelve games in five matches. At the French Open , Graf successfully defended her title by defeating Natasha Zvereva 6—0, 6—0 in a minute final.
Next came Wimbledon, where Martina Navratilova had won six straight titles. Graf was trailing Martina Navratilova in the final 7—5, 2—0 before winning the match 5—7, 6—2, 6—1.
Graf's Grand Slam remains the only one in history completed on three surfaces grass, clay, hard court , as all other Grand Slams in tennis history were achieved prior to the introduction of hard court at the US Open in Graf then defeated Sabatini 6—3, 6—3 in the gold medal match at the Olympic Games in Seoul and achieved what the media had dubbed the "Golden Slam".
Graf also won her only Grand Slam doubles title that year—at Wimbledon partnering Sabatini—and picked up a women's doubles Olympic bronze medal.
At the end of the year, the municipality of Brühl, her hometown, gave her the title of honorary citizen. Speculation was rife at the beginning of about the possibility of Graf winning another Grand Slam.
Some noted observers, such as Margaret Court, suggested that Graf could achieve the feat a couple more times. Her 6—3, 6—0 defeat of Argentina's Gabriela Sabatini in a semifinal was described by veteran observer Ted Tinling as "probably the best tennis I've seen".
She is better than them all. Graf followed this with easy victories in her next four tournaments at Washington, D.
The Washington, D. In the subsequent Amelia Island final on clay, Graf lost her first match of the year to Sabatini but returned to European clay with easy victories at Hamburg and Berlin.
Graf served for the match at 5—3 in the third set but lost the game and won only three more points in the match. Suffering from food poisoning, she had struggled to beat Monica Seles in their semifinal 6—3, 3—6, 6—3 and said that she had had menstrual cramps in the final.
The match was notable for its dramatic ending. Having suffered from leg cramps since the middle of the third set, Graf ran off the court seconds after match point to seek medical treatment.
Victories at Zurich and Brighton preceded the Virginia Slims Championships , where Graf cemented her top-ranked status by beating Navratilova in the four-set final.
Graf ended with an 86—2 match record and the loss of only 12 sets. Her 0. She survived an intense 3 set battle with Helena Sukova in the semis, breaking in the 10th and final game to win the 3rd set 6—4.
Shortly after winning in Tokyo, Graf injured her right thumb while cross-country skiing in Switzerland and subsequently withdrew from the Virginia Slims of Florida and the Lipton Championships.
While the Berlin tournament was being played, the largest-circulation German tabloid, Bild , ran a story about an alleged scandal involving Graf's father.
The difficulty of answering questions about the matter came to a head at a Wimbledon press conference, where Graf broke down in tears. Wimbledon authorities then threatened to immediately shut down any subsequent press conferences where questions about the issue were asked.
Whether this scandal affected Graf's form is open to debate. In an interview with Stern magazine in July , Graf stated, "I could not fight as usual.
Graf again lost to Monica Seles in the final of the French Open 7—6, 6—4. Seles was behind 2—6 in the first-set tiebreaker, but then came back to win six points in a row and take the set.
At Wimbledon, Graf lost in the semifinals to Zina Garrison , who with this victory broke Graf's string of 13 consecutive Major finals.
This was a major upset as Garrison had to save a match point to defeat Monica Seles in the quarterfinal, and was expected to easily fall to Graf, whom she had not beaten in 4 years.
Graf won four indoor tournaments after the US Open, including a pair of straight set wins over Sabatini in the finals of Zürich and Worcester.
Although Sabatini got the best of Graf in the semifinals of the season-ending Virginia Slims Championships , Graf still finished the year as the top-ranked player.
A mixture of injury problems, personal difficulties, and loss of form made a tough year for Graf. Seles established herself as the new dominant player on the women's tour, winning the Australian Open, French Open, and US Open and, in March, ending Graf's record consecutive-weeks hold on the World No.
She then lost to Sabatini in her next three tournaments before winning the U. Spanish tennis great Rafael Nadal has won 20 Grand Slam titles, including a record 13 French Open singles titles, and is one of only two men to win all four majors and Olympic gold.
American professional tennis player Serena Williams has won 23 Grand Slam singles titles and several Olympic gold medals.
Monica Seles is a former No. She is also an author and speaker, and competed on Dancing with the Stars in Venus Williams rose from a tough childhood in Compton, Los Angeles, to become a champion women's tennis player and four-time Olympic gold medalist.
Naomi Osaka became the world's No. Open and the Australian Open. On the contrary, Navratilova completed the last major win over the friend and close rival Chris Evert as Chris Evert sent a ball wide while the umpire forgot to call the match.
In , Graf had been the fresh pretender who defeated Navratilova for her maiden major win at the French Open before the Czech-born American took her revenge at Wimbledon.
Fraulein Forehand had been world No. She's undeniably the woman to beat. I had been trying to get good angles on my returns, but in the second set I played more to her volley, letting her hit it, then getting another chance.
She won nine games in a row before a rain delay interrupted the game at in the third. And she couldn't. Graf broke twice more to secure a , , victory.
Graf was such a talent she turned professional at just 13 years of age in but had broken into the top ten within a couple of years.
She had not recorded a title win but had consistently performed, regularly reaching the latter stages of events with highlights at Slam level being consecutive semi-finals at the US Open.
The Czech would gain her revenge at Wimbledon, winning in straight sets before they met in the US Open showpiece. Again Graf fell to a disappointing loss but by that time had overtaken the Czech as world No.
Unsurprisingly, as one of the favourites for the title, Graf reached the quarter-finals with the minimum of fuss, losing just 13 games and not dropping a set.
This was the furthest the German had been in Melbourne, having only competed three previous times but not since